serial site in the Cape Province - made up of eight protected
areas, covering 553,000-ha - has been declared as South Africa's
latest heritage site. The Cape Floral Region is one of the richest
areas for plants in the world.
It represents less than 0.5 percent of the area of Africa but is
home to nearly 20 percent of the continent's flora. The site displays
outstanding ecological and biological processes associated with
the Fynbos vegetation, which is unique to the Cape Floral Region.
The areas included are the Table Mountain National Park, the
Cederberg, Boosmansbos and Groot Winterhoek wilderness area, the
Boland Mountain Complex, De
Hoop Nature Reserve and the Swartberg and Baviaanskloof conservation
The outstanding diversity, density and endemism of the flora are
among the highest worldwide. Unique plant reproductive strategies,
adaptive to fire, patterns of seed dispersal by insects, as well
as patterns of endemism and adaptive radiation found in the flora
are of outstanding value to science.
The Cape Floral Region is considered of outstanding universal value
for representing ongoing ecological and biological processes associated
with the evolution of the unique Fynbos biome. These processes are
represented generally within the Cape Floral Region and captured
in the eight protected areas.
The Cape Floral Region is one of the richest areas for plants than
for any similar sized area in the world. The number of species per
genus within the region (9:1) and per family (52) are among the
highest given for various species-rich regions in the world.
The species density in the Cape Floral Region is also amongst the
highest in the world. It displays the highest levels of endemism
at 31.9 % and it has been identified as one of the worlds
18 biodiversity hot spots.