Focus on Lonehill - Gauteng, South Africa
THERE'S a story that if the top boulder of the Lonehill Koppie were dislodged, all the whites in the country would leave. It's a latter-day version of an Anglo Boer War tale: that if the Boers dislodged the rock, the British would lose the war and leave South Africa.
Whatever version you fancy, the top boulder, which balances on several larger boulders, is still firmly there and although some whites have emigrated, most are just as firmly still in the country.
The Lonehill Koppie is beautiful - it stands out as a lone koppie on the northern border of the city's suburbs, some 28 kilometres north of the city centre, and is a reminder of what Johannesburg used to look like before it was settled: rocky veld with small streams trickling through it, dotted with shrubs, small trees and knee-high grasses. Guinea fowl and porcupines used to roam the area around the Koppie, and it's now populated with dozens of dassies. There's a small dam, called Lonehill Loch, around 200 metres north of the Koppie, a popular walking spot for local residents.
The Koppie is largely made up of large boulders, called tor rocks, very old rocks, with trees and indigenous shrubs now almost obscuring the rocks except for the very top boulders. The room-size boulders of Lonehill have a special quality to them, their towering height and massive shapes overwhelming one on the short hike to the top.
These days it is surrounded by unattractive townhouse developments, in places right up to its perimeter. It is a plot of around 20 acres, with veld surrounding the koppie, which is around 80 metres high. It is fenced and locked, but unlocked on the weekends, allowing hikers and picnickers to climb to the top, or just lay out a picnic blanket in its surrounding grassy area.
It is an extremely significant site - it has three Stone Age furnaces in the veld below the Koppie. These were excavated in the 1960s by Professor Revil Mason, formerly head of archaeology at Wits University.
The furnaces were covered again by Mason, partly to protect them but partly also because there was no funding to develop the site, which would need a protective structure built around them.
Mason estimates that the furnaces date to around 1600, the same period as the Melville Koppies furnace. Bits of slag have been found near the site of the furnaces, on large flat rocks with indentations in them, obviously used for grinding.
Near the furnace site is another area where pottery was manufactured, fenced like the furnace area.
Half way up the Koppie there's further evidence of these early pastoral people - remnants of stone walls that would have been a kraal and living areas.
In the early 1990s the Lonehill community drew up a plan to build a museum and an Ndebele village just below the Koppie. Nothing came of it as the funds needed would have run into the millions.
They employed an estate manager, Ian Bell, a retired salesman, and he is kept pretty busy.
He says: "We've had no shootings or deaths of residents in two and a half years. But we've had a number of guards shot at in the line of duty - they are now confronting criminals, 2-3 of whom have been killed."
Future security projects include erecting 20 SOS boxes around the suburb.
Bell also has a team of five gardeners. They spend time picking up litter in the suburb, trimming pavement lawns and public gardens. Residents' funds have been used to buy mowers, and Pikitup have been persuaded to place more rubbish bins around the dam.
Bell also keeps a lookout for illegal dumping or developers contravening the building laws. He reports sewage leaks and potholes to the relevant authorities.
The residents would like to see the Koppie made into a heritage site. The site is owned by the City of Johannesburg, and maintained by City Parks.
Notten's son John moved to Lonehill in 1937. The original farmhouse was a mud and timber structure. Some of the local granite was used to extend and modernise the house.
Notten owned Atholl House in the suburb of Atholl, which stood on 100 acres of land. The house was believed to have been a Herbert Baker design. The farm contained 5 000 fruit trees, and boasted superb quality peaches.
At some point Notten divided his estate into two sections: Atholl and Wierda Valley, both now suburbs to the north of Johannesburg. Notten apparently built a house in Wierda Valley called Wilgendal.
Atholl House, which early Johannesburg resident Juliet Marais Louw describes in admiring terms in Wagon-tracks and orchards - early days in Sandton, was subsequently demolished.
Louw describes the house: "Sunlight flickered through small panes; the great sitting room had a vaulted ceiling and huge, oak beams, a wide stone fireplace with low seats and above it the bookshelves. In the dining room there was a great teak overmantel and china cabinets were built into the alcoves. Almost every room had a fireplace with tiles of blue, orange or white."
Anna Notten, says Louw, used to hold services in the lounge of Atholl House, reading from a Dutch translation of Reverend Charles Haddon Spurgeon, Baptist preacher of the 19th century. Notten soon hit on the idea of building a church in nearby Sandton. She talked various relatives into donating land, helping with the construction of the church, and making pews, doors and roof struts. The supervising builder, MCA Meischke, had a pulpit made in his Braamfontein workshop.
The church, known as the Sandown Union Church, was opened by the mayor of Johannesburg, EO Leake in 1925. It was interdenominational, with a different minister travelling out from town each week, giving sermons alternately in English and Afrikaans.
The church still stands in Stella Street, Sandton, now surrounded by office buildings and blocks of flats, and looking rather small among its neighbours. It retains its simple whitewashed, A-framed charm.
Simon and Anna Notten are buried in a quiet corner of the veld below the Lonehill Koppie. Alongside them is a grave with equally large headstone belonging to Philemon Rasebitse, who died of a heart attack at the age of 80. Rasebitse was the coachman of the architect Wierda before the Anglo Boer War, after which he went to work for the Nottens.
Rasebitse called Anna Notten "Marikasaan", according to Louw, which translates into "planter of trees". Atholl and Wierda Valley still boast some of the gums and pines that she planted in those suburbs. He had insisted that he be buried next to Notten, and was given " a slap-up funeral, with a polished coffin and a hearse and an Anglican priest who came out from town".
The church, which had developed a lively Sunday school following, and later had a school operating from an additional hall behind it, gradually lost its congregation and its doors were closed in the 1950s. In 1966 a group of dedicated workers from the Rosebank Union Church spent some weeks cleaning out the church and replanting the garden.
Today the church has outgrown its congregation of 70, with parking being a major problem. Sunday services are held in the nearby Montrose School hall. The church is an active place of counselling to the local community, both poor and wealthy.
The Nottens no longer have a presence at the Lonehill Koppie. The farmhouse that they extended over the years no longer exists - it's been swallowed up in a townhouse development. All that remains is a water tank erected on a concrete structure, and the graveyard.
Article by: Lucille Davie - www.joburg.org.za